*“Mathematics is the queen of the sciences.”*

Mathematics is the basic fundamental to understand our universe. So technically, math is everywhere. Since Babylonians and Egyptians and even in this era there are some **greatest mathematicians** who shaped the modern Mathematics. However, we have brought ten __famous mathematicians and their contributions __for you. So let’s start.

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- 1 Top 10 Greatest Mathematicians of All Time
- 1.1 Pythagoras (570 –t95 BC)
- 1.2 Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855)
- 1.3 Leonhard Euler (1707-1783)
- 1.4 Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727)
- 1.5 Hypatia (AD 350 or 370-AD 417)
- 1.6 Srinivasa Ramanujan (1837-1920)
- 1.7 Euclid (Mid 3rd- 4th Century)
- 1.8 Andrew Wiles (Born In 1923)
- 1.9 Fibonacci (1170 To 1250)
- 1.10 René Descartes (1597-1650)

## Top 10 Greatest Mathematicians of All Time

### Pythagoras (570 –t95 BC)

A Greek mathematician belonged from Samos. He is one of the Greek geniuses who shaped our civilization with a great contribution. Pythagoras is an ancient Greek philosopher consider as one of the pioneers of mathematics and one of the __greatest mathematicians of all time__. On the other hand, His works influenced and had an impact on philosophies of Aristotle, Plato and even the mathematician of the modern era. He is famous for his enormous contribution to Pythagorean Theorem and elemental mathematics. This popular theorem is vastly active in modern geometry calculations.

**Notable Works**

- Metempsychosis
- Communalism
- Five climactic zones
- Proportions
- Five regular solids
- Pythagorean Theorem
- The sphericity of the Earth
- Pythagorean tuning

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### Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855)

A great work named Disquisitiones Arithmeticae at just the age of 21 made him ‘Prince of Mathematics.’ He wasn’t a prolific writer. However, this enormous talent was born on 30 April, Brunswick in Germany. The local Duke of Brunswick could recognize this genius and send to Collegium Carolinum, one of the prestigious universities for mathematics. Eventually, He had contributed to the major area of elementary mathematics and physics. Needless to say, he had done some stunning works magnum opus, before he was 24.

**Notable Works**

- Number theory (Prime numbers)
- Gaussian gravitational
- The fundamental theorem of algebra
- Fast Fourier transforms

### Leonhard Euler (1707-1783)

Euler is the true king of mathematics, a Swiss mathematician, astronomer, logician, and physicist. At the same time, he is considered as __most famous mathematicians__ and pioneering contributor. Euler was born on 15 April 1707 in Basel, Switzerland. Furthermore, His influential works in several branches of mathematics like topology, graph and analytical number theory, infinitesimal calculus. However, His most famous work is symbol pi which refers to the ratio of a circles circumference to its diameter.

**Notable Works**

- Concept of function f(x),
- Trigonometric functions,
- The base ‘e’ of the natural logarithm,
- Imaginary unit ‘/i.’
- The letter Sigma
- Symbol pi

### Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727)

This __famous mathematicians list__ will be incomplete without mentioning the name of Isaac Newton. Hence, all-round genius Sir Isaac Newton was born on the charismas day, 25 December in Woolsthorpe Manor England. He was an English genius, not just a mathematician but also an astronomer, author, theologian, and physicist. Though he is widely known for his great “Law of universal gravitation,” but he contributed on some major area on mathematics.

**Notable Works**

- Newtonian mechanics
- Calculus
- Universal Gravitation
- Newton’s laws of motion
- Binomial series
- Optics
- Principia
- Newton’s method

### Hypatia (AD 350 or 370-AD 417)

“Exceedingly beautiful and fair of the form.”

Damascius said that about Hypatia. Without any doubt, men are excelling in the challenging field of mathematics, but Hypatia is not just one of the __famous female mathematicians__. This ancient Alexandria was brilliant in philosophy, astronomy, and mathematics. Eventually, this ancient thinker was brilliant in philosophy, astronomy, and mathematics. She lived in Alexandria, Egypt. She was the daughter of another famous ancient philosopher Theon. Hypatia is one of the __top 10 mathematicians of all time__. She remained a lifelong virgin. But unfortunately, no writing or contribution can survive.

### Srinivasa Ramanujan (1837-1920)

Srinivasa Ramanujan is not just one of the great mathematicians of India, but also a prominent mathematician ever lived. However, he was born in a Tamil Brahmin Iyengar in Erode, India. Surprisingly, he had any formal education or training in mathematics.

**Notable Works**

- Elliptic functions
- Circle method in number theory
- Algebra of inequalities
- Identities in the partition of numbers
- Products of hypergeometric series
- Continued fractions and partial sums

### Euclid (Mid 3rd- 4th Century)

Euclid was a Greek mathematician distinguishes as “Father of Geometry.” But unfortunately, there is no certain document about his life. But this remarkable contribution on geometry gives him immortality. The Magnum Opus – Elements is considered as a notable leading book till the 20th century. During the reign of Ptolemy I, He was lived in Alexandria.

**Notable Works**

- Euclidean geometry
- Euclid’s Elements
- Euclidean algorithm

### Andrew Wiles (Born In 1923)

Andrew Wiles is the only mathematician of top 10 mathematicians from the 19th century and still alive. He was born in Cambridge, London. Hence, in 2017 he got Royal Society’s highest honor and numerous prizes for his contribution to mathematics. Furthermore, he is most famous for the proving of Fermat’s Last Theorem. According to his theory, no positive integers (such as a,b,c) can able to satisfy the calculation a^n+b^n=c^n. He is so devoted that he away for seven years and locked himself for the solution.

**Notable Works**

- semistable elliptic curves,
- Thereby proving Fermat’s Last Theorem

### Fibonacci (1170 To 1250)

Fibonacci One Of The Middle Ages Top Mathematicians, Born Pisa, Italy. He Is Also Known Leonardo Pisano Blgollo, Leonardo Bonacci Or Leonardo Fibonacci. Fibonacci was The First Person Who Introduced Most Famous Fibonacci Series. However, most of the People don’t know; He Was contributed greatly In the Arabic Numbering System. At the same time, he was the major player who introduced Hindu–Arabic Numeral System to the World. But His Most Famous Work Was Fibonacci Series: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, and 377.

**Notable Works**

- Liber Abaci
- Hindu–Arabic Numeral System
- Fibonacci Numbers

### René Descartes (1597-1650)

René Descartes was a French scientist, mathematician, and philosopher. He was born on 13th March, Descartes France. He is most famous for ‘Cogito Ergo Sum.’ Alongside Leibniz and Sir Newton, René has a contribution on the foundations of modern calculus.

**Notable Works**

- Cogito ergo sum
- Method of normals
- Method of doubt
- Cartesian dualism
- Cartesian coordinate system
- Dream argument
- Foundationalism
- Folium of Descartes
- Mathesis Universalis
- Conservation of momentum
- Evil demon

#### Final Verdict

To wrap this article **greatest mathematicians** up, we could say these mathematicians have an enormous impact on fundamental mathematics. Hence, each of them is famous for their incredible work. Moreover, their evolutionary discoveries of math have changed the world. So we hope you enjoyed our article.

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